In this world of networked computers and omnipresent threats from hackers, protecting your computer system is a must. The most common pathway through which malware infects the system is the Internet and its popular front, the world wide web.

Even though there are multiple ways to remove malware and protect our computers, no single method is enough to guarantee its security. More the layers of defense, the harder will it be for hackers to use your computer. Here are a few simple, but crucial steps to protect your computer.

Passwords

The first line of defense in maintaining security in the digital world is to use robust and complex passwords. A complex password should be at least 8 characters long and include a combination of letters in both lower case and upper case, numbers and some special character(s). Hackers make use of certain tools to break less complex passwords within few minutes. So the more complex, the better!

Antivirus Software

An efficient antivirus program is one way of protecting the computer. The software helps protect the computer from any malicious code or software that can be a threat to the system. Such illicit software includes viruses, trojans, keyloggers, etc. These can slow down your computer, hog resources, delete or damage files and even access personal information. Even if your system is free from such bugs, you should install an antivirus software to prevent any further attacks on the system in the future. computer security 

Even though the major role of an antivirus software is real time protection, it has the added advantage of detecting threats and keeping the information in your computer safe. Modern antivirus programs include the automatic update feature, which further helps protect the PC from newly created viruses.

Antivirus programs for Windows systems can include advanced features such as blocking pop-up windows, email protection and preventing identity fraud.

 

Firewalls

A firewall plays the role of a security guard to your system. Both software and hardware firewalls serve similar, but different purposes. The first step of security in a system, it forms a barrier between the computer and any unauthorized attempt to access it over the network. Those using a system at home should turn on the firewall by default. This will alert you of any unauthorized efforts to access your system.

Anti-Spyware

Software programs that collect personal information without one’s approval and further relayed to a third party website. Spywares are designed in such a way that cannot be easily removed. Anti-Spyware programs are dedicated to combating spyware. Anti-spyware programs offer real time protection by scanning all incoming information and help in blocking threats once detected.

Browser Security Settings

Website browsers are our window to the world. Modern browsers come with various safety and privacy settings that you can set to the level you desire. These browsers (and their plugins) give you the ability to control how the information you access behaves and can prevent websites from tracking your movements, thus increasing your privacy and security.

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